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European Alternative Fuels Observatory


Incentives and Legislation

Incentives and legislation that aim to increase uptake of alternative fuels vehicles and infrastructure. 

If you know of other national or local incentives that should be included in this section, please send us an email and let us know.

Registration tax benefits
  • Regions provide an exemption (either total or 50%) for alternatively-powered vehicles (ie electric, HEVs, CNG, LPG and E85).
  • BEVs, FCEVs, PHEVs (with a range of > 50km) are exempt from the mass-based malus
Company tax benefits

Exemption from CO2-based tax component (‘TVS’) for vehicles emitting less than 60g CO2/km (apart from diesel vehicles).

Purchase subsidies

Bonus to buy car or van with ≤ 20g CO2/km:

  • €6,000 for households, if vehicle ≤ €45,000
  • €4,000 for legal persons, vehicle ≤ €45,000
  • €2,000 for households and legal persons:
    • Vehicle between €45,000 and €60,000
    • FCEV vans and cars, or vans > €60,000 Bonus cars or vans > 21 and ≤ 50g CO2/km:
  • €1,000 for households, vehicle ≤ €50,000

Bonus BEV or FCEV heavy-duty vehicles:

  • €50,000 for N2/N3 vehicles
  • €30,000 for M2/M3 vehicles

Scrappage scheme for purchase of secondhand or new vehicles with ≤ 50g CO2/km, price ≤ €60,000:

  • Cars: up to €5,000, based on income
  • Vans: up to €9,000, based on the weight