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European Alternative Fuels Observatory

Maritime and Inland Waterways

Overview of the Maritime and Inland Waterways Section

Over the past few years, the focus in the shipping industry has added to the control of air pollution emissions, such as SOx and NOx, the challenge of greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction, following a global call on the sector to contribute to Climate Change mitigation efforts. The initial IMO GHG reduction strategy currently establishes the goal for 50% GHG emissions reduction at fleet level by 2050 compared to 2008, whilst, at ship level, the targets defined for the reduction are 40% by 2030 and 70% by 2050. In Europe, the context has also develop, with a view to incentivise maritime transport to accelerate towards a sustainable energy transition. Following the EU Climate Law objectives for 55% net GHG reductions by 2030, and climate neutrality by 2050, the European Commission proposed in July 2021, the “Fit for 55” legislative package include a comprehensive basket of measures addressing shipping. The extension of the Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) to the maritime sector and the FuelEU Maritime proposal will together establish the conditions for shipping in EU or calling at EU Ports to contribute significantly to the Climate Change mitigation efforts. Whist the ETS will introduce shipping into the carbon market, with gradually stringent CO2 emission cap, The FuelEU will operate through the adoption of a low GHG fuel standard aiming at further increasing the use of clean fuels. In addition, the Fuel EU Maritime proposals mandates the use of OPS for container and passenger ships calling in EU ports and the proposal for an Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Regulation sets out requirements for the supply of OPS in ports in the TEN-T network.

What is currently in the EAFO Shipping section

In the current, first release of the new EAFO portal, we provide an succinct overview of the role of alternative fuels in Maritime and Inland Waterways Shipping, in the form of a downloadable report. The data contained in this report will be gradually complemented and presented in more interactive graphs in new releases of EAFO in the course of 2022.

Soon available in the EAFO Shipping section:

  • Statistics and information on LNG Bunkering for vessels (Port Infrastructure, LNG Bunkering)
  • Statistics on Onshore Power Supply (OPS) for vessels (Port Infrastructure, OPS data)
  • Background information, standards and rules for OPS for vessels (Port Infrastructure, OPS technology)
  • Statistics of "LNG fueled vessels" where data is available for vessels

Alternative Fuels for Shipping which will be reported on the EAFO portal are:

  • Liquefied natural gas (LNG)
  • Electricity (energy carrier)
  • Hydrogen, Biofuels
  • Methanol
  • Dimethyl ether (DME)
  • LPG


Shipping report

    EAFO report on Alternative Fuels in Shipping
    (12.43 MB - PDF)