Member States are obliged to adopt National Policy Framework targets and report the to the European Commission. NPF targets are then set for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in the respective Member State.
AFIR fleet-based target
The proposed Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Regulation (AFIR) in Article 3.1 sets out specific objectives about targets for electric recharging infrastructure dedicated to light-duty vehicles. AFIR prescribes that Member States must ensure that publicly accessible recharging stations for light-duty vehicles are deployed commensurate to the uptake of light-duty electric vehicles, and that in their territory, publicly accessible recharging stations dedicated to light-duty vehicles are deployed that provide sufficient power output for those vehicles. To that end Member States shall ensure that, at the end of each year, starting from the entry into force of the Regulation, the following power output targets are met cumulatively:
- for each battery electric light-duty vehicle registered in their territory, a total power output of at least 1 kW is provided through publicly accessible recharging stations; and
- for each plug-in hybrid light-duty vehicle registered in their territory, a total power output of at least 0.66 kW is provided through publicly accessible recharging stations.
The target output (kW) for Member State X is thus calculated as the sum of these two aspirational values, or in other words: the actual number of M1 and N1 battery electric vehicles (BEVs) registered in Member State X multiplied by 1 kW + the actual number of M1 and N1 Plug-in Hybrid vehicles registerd in Member State X multipled by 0.66. The target attainment of Member State X is then the ratio of the actual total power output of Member State X compared to the target power output of that same Member State X.
AFIR fleet-based target attainment
NPF and NIR targets
In accordance with Article 3 of Directive 2014/94/EU (Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive), Member States were obliged to adopt National Policy Frameworks (NPFs) and report them to the European Commission by 18 November 2016. NPFs should include national targets for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure in the respective Member State.
The Directive furthermore sets (qualitative) requirements for the roll-out of infrastructure for recharging electric vehicles in urban and suburban areas and refueling natural gas vehicles in urban and suburban areas and on the TEN-T core network. It also contains provisions for LNG infrastructure on the core network and in (inland and maritime) ports. It is largely in the discretion of Member States to set requirements for hydrogen infrastructure through the NPFs. The recitals of the Directive recommend some specific metrics for the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure, while others have been suggested by the Commission in its assessment of the NPFs.
Under the reporting obligations of the Directive, the Commission is tasked with assessing the overall relevance and effectiveness of NPFs and their coherence at Union level. The assessment of the deployment of infrastructure along the TEN-T network is of particular relevance.
For that reason, EAFO is now publishing the integral text of the National Policy Frameworks including an English translation where necessary, and will track progress towards meeting the targets established therein. We also provide an overview of the most important features of the National Policy Frameworks.
Please note that the National Policy Frameworks have been formally assessed by the European Commission. The result of this work is available here.
NIR 2019 targets
The following section overviews the NIR targets of Member States. In case data was not submitted, graphs are not available in this page.
2025 NIR target BEV + PHEV fleet (M1 & N1 vehicle category)
2030 NIR target BEV + PHEV fleet (M1 & N1 vehicle category)
2025 NIR target recharging infrastructure
2030 NIR target recharging infrastructure
The following section overviews the NPF targets of Member States. In case data was not submitted, graphs are not available in this page.
2030 NPF target BEV+PHEV fleet (M1 & N1 vehicle category)
2025 NPF target BEV+PHEV fleet (M1 & N1 vehicle category)
2025 NPF target recharging infrastructure
2030 NPF target recharging infrastructure
The NPF targets for Italy for 2025 for infrastructure: No data
The NIR targets for Italy for 2025 for infrastructure: No data